About The Senate of Canada

The Senate is the Upper House in Canada’s parliamentary democracy. The House of Commons, where elected Members of Parliament (MPs) meet, is the Lower House.

Who are the Senators?

There are currently 105 Senators. They include men and women of accomplishment and experience, including business people, scientists, judges, teachers, athletes, community and Indigenous leaders.

How are they appointed?

Senators are appointed by the Prime Minister. They are paid a salary and expenses and there is no end to their terms – they are appointed for life.

A Senator cannot be removed from office. They can be removed from the caucus of the political party whose leader (the Prime Minister) appointed them, but they cannot be removed from the Senate unless they resign.

Who do they represent?

Senators traditionally represent different regions across Canada, but also speak on behalf of underrepresented groups like Indigenous Peoples, visible minorities and women.

What do Senators do?

Senators review legislation from the House of Commons and propose their own bills. Legislation must pass the Senate before it can become law.

Senators use their lifetimes of experience and knowledge to ensure Parliament acts in the best interests of all Canadians.